Ai - as-one, same-being:
Ki - universal energy:
Do - pathway, channel, route
Aikido - the pathway to becoming as-one with the universal energy.
O Sensei - Great Teacher. Refers to Morehei Ueshiba Sensei - founder of Aikido
Sensei - teacher, one who shows the way
Sempai - senior student in club
Aikidoka - aikido practitioner
Yudansha - dan (black belt) grades
Mudansha - kyu grades. Student grades leading to dan grade
Shihan - senior teacher
Doshu - Hereditary head of Aikikai. At present Moriteru Ueshiba grandson of
Nage / Tori - one who executes a technique
Uki - one who is subjected to a technique.
Dojo - teaching place, hall
Kamiza - High Place of dojo usually where picture of O Sensei is located
Tatami - mats. Technically Japanese woven straw mats about 3 foot x 6 foot in size.
Gi - training suit
Obi - belt
Tenugui - hand towel to wipe sweat / kendo headband
Hakama - pantaloon long pants tied at waist and worn over gi.
Zori - Japanese sandals
Tabi - Japanese slipper socks
Jo - wooden staff about 127cm long (50 inches)
Bokken - wooden training sword about 102cm long (40 inches)
Tanto - knife about 31cm (12 inches)
Arigato - thank you.
Domo - also thank you but less polite
Domo arigato gozaimasu - thank you (formal)
Onegaishimasu - please (may I train with you?)
Rei - respectful bow
Yoi - ready
Hajime - begin, start
Yamay - stop
Matte - wait
Mawatte - turn
Koutai - change
Suwatte - sit
Tatte - stand
Stances : Kamae
Shizentai - facing forward, feet forward, legs straight.
Jigatai - ‘horse’ stance. Facing forward, feet shoulder width apart, knees bent.
Sankakutai - trigonal, ‘ready’ aikido stance.
Ai-hanmi - standing facing training partner, each with the same leg (R or L) forward.
Gyaku-hanmi - facing training partner with opposite legs (R to L or L to R) forward.
Seiza - sitting on calves on floor with legs folded under body and feet flat
Kisa - as above, but up on toes.
Migi - right.
Hidari - left.
Mae - forward.
Ushiro - backward
Yoko - side
Kaiten - circling, rotating.
Omote - a technique performed around front of partner (open technique)
Ura - a technique performed around the back of the partner (hidden technique)
Irimi - entering technique
ichi 5. go 9. ku 20. ni-ju 40. yon ju
ni 6. roku 10. ju 21. ni-ju ichi 100. hyaku
san 7. shichi / nana 11. ju ichi 22. ni-ju ni 200. nihyaku
yon / shi 8. hachi 12. ju ni 30. san-ju 1000. sen
Tai sabaki : Stepping exercise
Tsugi ashi - one foot glides forward, the other follows
Asumi ashi - back foot steps forward and past front foot to end up in front
Kaiten ashi - pivot on the spot
Tenkan ashi - pivot on the spot and step back.
Tai no henko - paired tenkan exercise.
Techniques used in training practice
Waza - a technique
Keiko - practice
Atemi - a strike
Tachi waza - techniques with Uki and Nage both standing
Hanmi handachi - techniques with Uki standing and Nage in seiza or kisa
Suwari waza - techniques with both Uke and Nage in seiza or kisa
Randori - simultaneous free flow attacks from multiple attackers
Kakari keiko - prearranged consecutive attacks from multiple attackers
Taninzu waza - holds, chokes from multiple attackers - niningake-two, saningake-three
Jiu no keiko - ‘soft’ practice
Jo no keiko - ‘hard’ practice
Kaeshi waza - countering techniques
Renraku keiko - use of techniques in sequence in a particular situation
Kata - a sequential set of choreographed movements to study techniques in martial art
Tanto tori - knife disarming techniques. Also Jo (staff) tori and Bokken (sword) tori
Uke attacks : forms and Japanese terminology
1st form - ai-hanmi katate dori R. hand holds R. wrist in ai-hanmi stance. (or L to L wrist)
2nd. - gyaku-hanmi katate dori - R. holds L. wrist in gyaku-hanmi stance (or L to R)
3rd form - gyaku-hanmi kata dori - R. holds L shoulder in gyaku-hanmi stance (or L to R)
4th. - mune dori - lapel grab
5th. - shomenuchi - knife hand strike down on top of head
6th. - yokomenuchi - diagonal knife hand strike to side of head
7th. - chudan tsuki - punch to stomach
8th. - morote katate dori - two hands holding one arm
9th. - ryote katate dori - two hands holding two hands
10th - ryote kata dori - two hands holding two shoulders
11th. - ushiro tebuki dori - holding both wrists from behind
12th. - ushiro haji dori - holding both elbows from behind
13th. - ushiro ryokata dori - holding both shoulders from behind
14th - ushiro katate dori kubishime - hold wrist and strangle from behind
15th - ushiro dori - holding around shoulders from behind
16th - ushiro eri dori - holding collar from behind
Nage (tori) defences, pins, throws
Ikkyo - 1st. pinning principle
Nikkyo - 2nd pinning principle
Sankyo - 3rd. pinning principle
Yonkyo - 4th. pinning principle
Gokyo - 5th. pinning principle
Rokkyo - 6th. pinning principle
Iriminage - entering throw
Shihonage - 4 direction throw
Kote gaeshi - wrist turning throw
Tenshinage - heaven and earth throw
Kaitennage - rotatory projection throw
Koshinage - hip throw
Aiki otoshi - lift legs and drop
Aiki nage - lower to kneeling from ryote grip and throw over
Sumi otoshi - corner drop - control inside of elbow and project or drop
Juji nage (or juji garami) - grasp arms, cross and project
Kokyu nage - breathing energy throw.